Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors Regulations, 2019
INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY BOARD OF INDIA
New Delhi, the 20th November, 2019
INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY BOARD OF INDIA (BANKRUPTCY PROCESS FOR PERSONAL GUARANTORS TO CORPORATE DEBTORS) REGULATIONS, 2019
No. IBBI/2019-20/GN/REG051.—In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (t) of sub-section (1) of section 196, and clauses (zr) and (zs) of sub-section (1) of section 240 read with clause (e) of section 2 and section 60 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (31 of 2016), the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India hereby makes the following regulations, namely –
1. Short title, commencement and application.
1. (1) These regulations may be called the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019.
(2) They shall come into force from the 1st day of December, 2019.
(3) These regulations shall apply to the bankruptcy process for personal guarantors to corporate debtors.
2. In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires, –
(a) “associate” in relation to a creditor, a bankruptcy trustee or professionals appointed by the bankruptcy trustee shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in relation to a debtor in sub-section (2) of section 79, as may be applicable;
(b) “bankruptcy process costs” shall mean –
(i) the fees payable to the bankruptcy trustee;
(ii) payments and expenses referred to in sub-regulation (1) of regulation 5, sub-regulation (4) of regulation 6, sub-clause (ii) of clause (c) and clause (f) of sub-regulation (3) of regulation 10, sub-regulation (3) of regulation 28, and sub-regulation (3) of regulation 31;
(iii) such other costs and expenses directly relatable to the bankruptcy process,
to the extent approved or ratified by the committee;
(c) “Code” means the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (31 of 2016);
(d) “committee” means the committee of creditors as defined in sub-section (11) of section 79;
(e) “corporate debtor” means a corporate person for whom the guarantor has given a personal guarantee;
(f) “electronic means” means an authorised and secured computer programme which is capable of producing confirmation of sending communication to the participant entitled to receive such communication at the last electronic mail address provided by such participant and keeping record of such communication;
(g) “form” means a form appended to these regulations;
(h) “participant” means a person entitled to attend a meeting of the committee and includes a creditor, , bankrupt, bankruptcy trustee, and any other person authorised by the committee to attend such meeting;
(i) “registered valuer” means a person registered as such in accordance with the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013) and the rules made thereunder;
(j) “related party” in relation to a corporate debtor shall have the meaning assigned to it in sub-section (24) of section 5;
(k) “section” means a section of the Code;
(l) words and expressions used and not defined in these regulations, but defined in the Code and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy (Application to Adjudicating Authority for Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Rules, 2019, shall have the respective meanings assigned to them in the Code and in the said rules.
3. Eligibility of bankruptcy trustee.
3. (1) An insolvency professional shall be eligible to be appointed as a bankruptcy trustee for a bankruptcy process, if-
(a) he, the insolvency professional entity of which he is a partner or a director, and all the partners and directors of the said insolvency professional entity are independent of the guarantor;
(b) he is not subject to any ongoing disciplinary proceeding or a restraint order of the Board or of the insolvency professional agency of which he is a professional member; and
(c) the insolvency professional entity of which he is a partner or a director, or any other partner or director of such insolvency professional entity does not represent any party in the bankruptcy process.
Explanation. – For the purposes of this sub-regulation, a person shall be considered independent of the guarantor, if he-
(a) is not an associate of the guarantor;
(b) is not a related party of the corporate debtor; and
(c) has not acted or is not acting as interim resolution professional, resolution professional or liquidator in respect of the corporate debtor.
(2) A bankruptcy trustee, who has been an auditor of the guarantor at any time during the preceding three years, shall make a disclosure of remuneration received, year-wise for such audit, to the committee.
(3) An insolvency professional, other than who has filed an application under section 122 or 123 on behalf of a guarantor or a creditor, as the case may be, shall provide a written consent in Form A to the Adjudicating Authority before his appointment as bankruptcy trustee in a bankruptcy process.
4. Fees of bankruptcy trustee.
4. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall be entitled to such fee and the fee shall be paid in such manner as decided by the committee.
(2) In all cases other than those covered under sub-regulation (1), the bankruptcy trustee shall be entitled to a fee as a percentage of the amount realised from the estate of the bankrupt and of the amount distributed from such realisation, in accordance with Schedule I.
5. Appointment of professionals.
5. (1) A bankruptcy trustee may appoint accountants, registered valuers, advocates or other professionals, as may be necessary, to assist him in the discharge of his duties, obligations and functions for a reasonable remuneration and such remuneration shall form part of the bankruptcy process cost:
Provided that the following persons shall not be appointed under this regulation, namely-
(a) a relative of the bankruptcy trustee;
(b) a partner or director of the insolvency professional entity of which the bankruptcy trustee is a partner or director;
(c) an insolvency professional who has acted or is acting as an interim resolution professional, a resolution professional or a liquidator in respect of the corporate debtor;
(d) an associate of the bankrupt;
(e) a related party of the corporate debtor.
(2) Before appointing a professional under sub-regulation (1), the bankruptcy trustee shall obtain a disclosure of details of the existence of any pecuniary or personal relationship with any of the creditors, the bankruptcy trustee, the corporate debtor or the bankrupt, from the professional.
6. Registers and books.
6. (1) Where the books of account of the bankrupt are incomplete on the bankruptcy commencement date, the bankruptcy trustee shall get them completed and brought up-to-date within sixty days of the bankruptcy commencement date.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall maintain cash book, ledgers, registers and such other books, as may be required for the administration of the estate of the bankrupt.
(3) Where the bankruptcy trustee is authorised to carry on the business of the bankrupt, he shall keep separate books of account in respect of such business and such books shall, as far as possible, be in conformity with the books already kept by the bankrupt in the course of its business.
(4) The bankruptcy trustee shall keep receipts for all payments made or expenses incurred by him in relation to the bankruptcy process.
7. Reports by bankruptcy trustee.
7. The bankruptcy trustee shall prepare and submit the following reports to the Adjudicating Authority and the committee –
(a) a preliminary report;
(b) progress reports; and
(c) a final report.
8. Preliminary report.
8. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall submit a preliminary report to the Adjudicating Authority and the committee within ninety days of the bankruptcy commencement date.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall send a copy of the preliminary report to the bankrupt at the time of submission of the report.
(3) The preliminary report shall include the following details-
(a) a list of the assets and liabilities of the bankrupt as on the bankruptcy commencement date based on the books of the bankrupt:
Provided that if the bankruptcy trustee has reasons to believe, to be recorded in writing, that the books of the bankrupt are not reliable, he shall also provide such estimates based on reliable records and data otherwise available to him.
(b) the proposed plan of action in relation to administration of the estate, including the timeline in which it is proposed to be carried out and the estimated costs;
(c) any further inquiry to be made in respect of the assets, business or affairs of the bankrupt;
(d) details of the assets which are intended to be realised, including the following-
(i) value of the assets, valued in accordance with regulation 33;
(ii) intended manner of realisation of the assets and reasons thereof;
(iii) expected amount of realisation;
(iv) any other information that may be relevant for the realisation of the assets.
(e) details of the excluded assets and other assets under sub-section (2) of section 155.
(4) The preliminary report shall be confidential during the bankruptcy process, unless the Adjudicating Authority permits any person to access it subject to such terms and conditions, as it may consider appropriate.
9. Early completion of administration.
9. At the time of the preparation of the preliminary report or any time thereafter, if it appears to the bankruptcy trustee that –
(a) the realisable assets of the bankrupt are insufficient to cover the costs of bankruptcy process; and
(b) the affairs of the bankrupt do not require further investigation, he may apply to the Adjudicating Authority for an early discharge order.
10. Progress reports.
10. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall submit progress reports to the Adjudicating Authority and to the committee within fifteen days after the end of every quarter:
Provided that if an insolvency professional ceases to act as a bankruptcy trustee during the bankruptcy process, he shall file a progress report for the quarter up to the date of his so ceasing to act, within fifteen days of such cessation.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall send a copy of the progress report to the bankrupt at the time of submission of the report under sub-regulation (1).
(3) The progress report shall include-
(a) appointment, tenure of appointment and cessation of appointment of professionals;
(b) a statement indicating the progress in the bankruptcy process containing-
(i) distribution of dividend and interim dividend;
(ii) any material change in the expected realisation for any asset and basis for such change;
(iii) any material change in the value of assets or liabilities of the bankrupt and basis for such change;
(iv) any material change on estimated cost of bankruptcy process and basis for such change;
(v) distribution of unsold property made to the creditors;
(vi) details of any property that remains to be realised;
(vii) list of creditors; and
(viii) any other relevant information.
(c) an asset sale report with the following details of the assets realised–
(i) realised value;
(ii) cost of realisation;
(iii) manner and mode of realisation, including details as per Schedule II;
(iv) reasons for any reduction in the realisable value compared to the value mentioned in the preliminary report; and
(v) details of the persons in favour of whom the property has been realised.
(d) details of fee and remuneration due to and received by the bankruptcy trustee along with a description of the activities carried out by him;
(e) details of the fee and remuneration paid to professionals appointed by the bankruptcy trustee along with a description of activities carried out by them;
(f) other expenses incurred by the bankruptcy trustee in relation to the bankruptcy process;
(g) status of any material litigation by or against the bankrupt;
(h) filing of and developments in relation to disclaimer of onerous properties or leasehold interests under sections 160 and 162, or transactions under sections 164, 165 and 167.
(i) accounts maintained by the bankruptcy trustee showing the receipts and payments made during the period of the report, as well as cumulative receipts and payments made since the bankruptcy commencement date; and
(j) any other relevant aspect of the bankruptcy process.
(4) The progress report for the fourth quarter of the financial year shall enclose audited accounts of the receipts and payments of the bankrupt for the financial year.
(5) The progress reports shall be confidential during the bankruptcy process, unless the Adjudicating Authority permits any person to access it on specified terms and conditions.
Where an insolvency professional becomes a bankruptcy trustee on 13th February, 2020 and ceases to act as such on 12th February, 2021, he shall submit progress reports as under:
|Report No.||Period covered in the Quarter||Last Date of Submission of Report|
|1||13th February – 31st March, 2020||15th April, 2020|
|2||April – June, 2020||15th July, 2020|
|3||July – September, 2020||15th October, 2020|
|4||October – December, 2020||15th January, 2021|
|5||January – 12th February, 2021||27th February, 2021|
He shall submit the audited accounts of receipts and payments as under:
|Account No.||Period covered in the Quarter||Last Date of Submission of Report|
|1||13th February – 31st March, 2020||15th April, 2020|
|2||1st April, 2019 – 12th February, 2021||27th February, 2021|
11. Final report.
11. (1) The final report shall contain an account of the completion of the administration and distribution of the estate of the bankrupt, including –
(a) manner of realisation of the assets of the bankrupt;
(b) manner of distribution of the dividends amongst the creditors;
(c) details regarding the discharge of the bankrupt;
(d) unclaimed dividend, if any;
(e) surplus dividend, if any; and
(f) if the bankruptcy process cost exceeds the estimated cost provided in the preliminary report, along with reasons for the same.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall file the final report with the Adjudicating Authority along with the application under sub-section (1) of section 138.
12. Persons to extend cooperation.
12. (1) The following persons shall extend all assistance and cooperation to the bankruptcy trustee to complete the bankruptcy process-
(a) the bankrupt;
(b) creditors of the bankrupt;
(c) employees and workmen of the bankrupt;
(d) partners of the bankrupt;
(e) auditors of the bankrupt;
(f) professionals appointed by the bankruptcy trustee under these regulations;
(g) the resolution professional or the previous bankruptcy trustee of the bankrupt;
(h) the interim resolution professional, the resolution professional and the liquidator in respect of the corporate debtor;
(i) any person who has possession of any of the properties of the bankrupt; and
(j) any other person connected or relevant to the bankruptcy process.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall record and maintain the particulars of any consultation he had with the persons mentioned in sub-regulation (1).
(3) Where the bankruptcy trustee after making reasonable efforts fails to obtain the information or cooperation from persons under sub-regulation (1), he may make an application to the Adjudicating Authority for appropriate directions as may be necessary for the conduct of the bankruptcy process.
13. Preservation of records.
13. The bankruptcy trustee shall preserve a physical or electronic copy of the registers, books, reports, minutes of meetings and other records relating to bankruptcy process, including administration of estate of the bankrupt as per the record retention schedule as may be communicated by the Board in consultation with insolvency professional agencies.
14. Future claims.
14. (1) A person, who is entitled to distribution in the same manner as any other creditor, may submit a claim, which is not due and payable on the bankruptcy commencement date, to the bankruptcy trustee.
(2) Subject to any contract to the contrary, the person under sub-regulation (1) shall be entitled to the principal amount and the interest that has accrued till the bankruptcy commencement date.
15. Negotiable instruments.
15. Where a person seeks to prove a claim in respect of a bill of exchange, promissory note or other negotiable instrument or security of a like nature for which the bankrupt is liable, a certified true copy of the same shall accompany the claim.
16. Periodical payments.
16. In the case of rent, interest and such other payments of a periodical nature, a person may claim only for any amounts due and unpaid up to the bankruptcy commencement date.
17. Determination of quantum of claim.
17. Where the amount claimed by a claimant is not precise due to any reason, the bankruptcy trustee shall make the best estimate of the amount of the claim based on the information available with him.
18. Debt in foreign currency.
18. The claims denominated in foreign currency shall be valued in Indian currency at the official exchange rate as on the bankruptcy commencement date.
Explanation. – For the purposes of this regulation, “official exchange rate” means the reference rate published by the Reserve Bank of India or derived from such reference rate.
19. Transfer of debt due to creditors.
19. (1) Where a creditor assigns or transfers the debt to any person during the bankruptcy process period, both parties shall provide the bankruptcy trustee the terms of such assignment or transfer, and the identity and details of the assignee or transferee.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall notify each creditor and the Adjudicating Authority of any resultant change in the committee within two days of such change.
20. Committee of creditors.
20. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall prepare a list of creditors, within the timeline mentioned in section 132, containing the following details in respect of each creditor, –
(a) the name;
(b) the amount of claim made;
(c) the amount of claim admitted;
(d) security interest in respect of the claims, if any; and
(e) reasons for rejection or admission of claim.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall report the establishment of the committee to the Adjudicating Authority within three days from the meeting of the creditors under sub-section (1) of section 134.
(3) The bankruptcy trustee shall modify the list of creditors and the composition of the committee, if required, on the basis of the proof received under section 171.
(4) The list of creditors, and any modification to the committee, mentioned in sub-regulation (3) shall be filed with the Adjudicating Authority within fifteen days from the last date for receipt of proofs of debt, under intimation to other creditors.
(5) Any modification in the list of creditors under sub-regulation (3) shall not affect the validity of any decision taken in any meeting of the committee prior to such modification.
(6) The list of creditors, as modified from time to time and filed with the Adjudicating Authority, shall be –
(a) available for inspection by the persons who submitted claims with proof;
(b) available for inspection by partners and guarantors of the bankrupt;
(c) displayed on the website, if any, of the bankrupt.
MEETINGS OF COMMITTEE AND VOTING
21. Notice for meeting.
21. (1) A bankruptcy trustee may convene a meeting of the committee as and when he considers necessary and shall convene a meeting on a request by creditors having not less than thirty three percent of voting share.
(2) The notice under this regulation and for the meeting under section 133 shall be served on every participant at the address provided to the bankruptcy trustee.
(3) A meeting of the committee shall be convened by giving a notice of seven days or such other notice as decided by the committee, provided that such notice shall not be less than forty-eight hours.
(4) The notice convening the meeting of creditors shall inform the participants of the venue, the time, the date of the meeting and of the options available to –
(i) participants to attend the meeting either in person, through video conferencing, or through a proxy; and
(ii) creditors to cast vote in person, through a proxy, by electronic means or by electronic proxy, as the case may be.
(5) The notice of the meeting shall carry the agenda, which shall include the following-
(a) list of matters to be discussed;
(b) list of issues to be voted upon;
(c) relevant documents in relation to the matters to be discussed and issues to be voted upon.
(6) If an option to attend the meeting through video conferencing is made available to the participants, the notice of the meeting shall –
(a) state the process and the manner for attending the meeting;
(b) provide the login ID and the details of a facility for generating password for access to the meeting in a secure manner; and
(c) provide contact details of the person who shall address the queries connected with the video conferencing.
(7) If an option to cast vote by electronic means is made available to the creditors, the notice of the meeting shall –
(a) state the process and the manner of casting vote by such means;
(b) provide the login ID and the details of a facility for generating password for access to the electronic means for casting vote in a secure manner; and
(c) provide contact details of the person who shall address the queries connected with the electronic means.
22. (1) Where a meeting of committee could not be held for want of quorum, unless the committee has previously decided otherwise, the meeting shall automatically stand adjourned to the same time and place on the next day and on that day, no quorum shall be required.
(2) The bankrupt shall attend a meeting which the bankruptcy trustee may, by notice, require him to attend and any adjournment thereof.
23. Conduct of meeting.
23. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall preside over the meetings of the committee.
(2) At the commencement of a meeting, the bankruptcy trustee shall take a roll call, when every participant, including those attending by proxy or through video conferencing, shall state, for the record, the following –
(a) his name;
(b) the capacity in which he is attending;
(c) the creditor he is representing, if applicable; and
(d) that he has received the agenda and all the relevant material for the meeting.
(3) After the roll call, the bankruptcy trustee shall inform the participants of the names of all persons who are present for the meeting and confirm if the required quorum is complete.
(4) The bankruptcy trustee shall ensure that the required quorum is present throughout the meeting.
(5) From the commencement of the meeting till its conclusion, no person, other than the participants and any other person whose presence is required by the bankruptcy trustee, shall be allowed access to the meeting, without the permission of the bankruptcy trustee.
(6) The bankruptcy trustee shall ensure that minutes are made in relation to each meeting of the creditors and are circulated to all participants by electronic means within forty-eight hours of the said meeting.
24. Voting share.
24. (1) Subject to section 135, the voting share of each creditor shall be in proportion to the debt owed to such creditor.
(2) The voting share of a secured creditor shall be in proportion to unsecured part of the debt, if any, if it has opted to enforce its security interest.
(3) The voting share of a secured creditor who has opted to relinquish its security interest shall be in proportion to the amount of debt relinquished.
25. Voting by the committee.
25. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall take a vote of the creditors present in the meeting on any item listed for voting, after discussion on the same.
(2) At the conclusion of the meeting, the bankruptcy trustee shall prepare minutes of the meeting, including the names of creditors, who voted for, against or abstained from voting on the items put to vote in the meeting.
(3) The bankruptcy trustee shall-
(a) circulate the minutes of the meeting by electronic means to all participants of the meeting within forty-eight hours of the conclusion of the meeting, and
(b) seek a vote on the items listed for voting in the meeting from the creditors who were not present in the meeting or did not vote at the meeting, by electronic means, where the voting shall be kept open for at least twenty-four hours from the circulation of the minutes as per clause (a).
(4) Unless otherwise provided in the Code, any decision of the committee shall require approval of more than fifty percent of voting share of the creditors who voted.
(5) At the end of the voting period, the bankruptcy trustee shall record the decision arrived at on the items along with the names of creditors who voted for, against or abstained from voting on the items, after considering the voting at the meeting and through the electronic means.
(6) The bankruptcy trustee shall circulate a copy of the record made under sub-regulation (5) to all participants within twenty-four hours of the conclusion of the voting.
26. Voting by proxy.
26. (1) A creditor, who is entitled to vote, shall be entitled to appoint an individual as a proxy, who shall not be an associate of the bankrupt, to attend and vote on behalf.
(2) For the purpose of sub-regulation (1), a creditor shall deliver Form B, duly completed to the bankruptcy trustee at least twenty-four hours prior to the meeting of committee.
(3) A proxy may vote by electronic means on behalf of the creditor.
REALISATION OF ASSETS
27. Mode of sale.
27. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall ordinarily sell the assets of the bankrupt through an auction as specified in Part A of Schedule II.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee may sell the assets by private sale, in the manner specified in Part B of Schedule II if-
(a) the asset is perishable in nature;
(b) the value of the asset is likely to deteriorate significantly if the sale is delayed; or
(c) the selling price of the asset is higher than the reserve price of a failed auction.
(3) The following persons shall not purchase or acquire any interest in the property of bankrupt, directly or indirectly, without permission of the Adjudicating Authority–
(a) the bankruptcy trustee or any partner or director of the insolvency professional entity of which the bankruptcy trustee is a partner or director;
(b) any professional appointed by the bankruptcy trustee for the bankruptcy process;
(c) any creditor or associate of the bankrupt; and
(d) any company where the bankrupt or a creditor is a promoter or director.
(4) The bankruptcy trustee shall not proceed with a sale, if he has reason to believe that there is any collusion amongst any one or more of the following persons: –
(a) the buyers;
(b) the bankrupt;
(c) the creditors;
(d) associates of the bankrupt or creditors;
(e) the corporate debtor; or
(f) related party of the corporate debtor,
and shall submit a report to the Adjudicating Authority for appropriate orders.
28. Acquisition, etc., of after acquired property by bankrupt.
28. (1) After a notice is given by the bankrupt under sub-section (2) of section 150, he shall not part with any increase in his income or dispose of any property acquired, without the prior permission of the Adjudicating Authority.
(2) If the bankrupt disposes of property before giving the notice under sub-section (2) of section 150, he shall within seven days from such disposal, disclose to the bankruptcy trustee the relevant details of the person to whom the property has been transferred, and shall also provide any other information which may be necessary to enable the bankruptcy trustee to trace the property and recover it for the purpose of bankruptcy estate.
(3) Any expense incurred by the bankruptcy trustee in bringing back any amount or acquiring title to the property referred to in sub-regulation (2) shall form part of the bankruptcy process costs.
29. Disclaimer of onerous property.
29. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall notify the bankrupt and the persons interested in the onerous property in respect of the proposed disclaimer, at least seven days prior to serving the notice of disclaimer under sub-section (1) of section 160.
(2) The notification under sub-regulation (1) shall contain the intention of the bankruptcy trustee to disclaim the property, particulars of the property intended to be disclaimed, and details of the interested persons in such property.
(3) The notice under sub-section (1) of section 160 shall be filed with the Adjudicating Authority within three days of giving such notice to the persons mentioned therein.
(4) An application under sub-section (1) of section 163 shall be made within thirty days of the applicant becoming aware of the disclaimer or from the date of the notice of disclaimer under sub-section (1) of section 160, whichever is earlier.
Explanation. – For the purpose of this regulation, a person interested in onerous property means –
(a) any person who claims an interest in the disclaimed property;
(b) any person who is under any liability in respect of the onerous property; or
(c) where the disclaimed property is a dwelling house, any person who is in occupation of or entitled to occupy the dwelling house, on the date of filing of application.
30. Valuation of assets.
30. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall appoint a registered valuer to value the assets, which may or may not form part of the bankrupt’s estate, when he is of the opinion that it is necessary or when a resolution to that effect has been passed by the committee.
(2) The registered valuer appointed under sub-regulation (1) shall submit to the bankruptcy trustee the estimates of the realisable value of the asset computed in accordance with internationally accepted valuation standards, after physical verification of the assets of the bankrupt.
(3) The bankruptcy trustee may appoint an additional registered valuer, for valuing the assets of the bankrupt if required in the circumstances of the case, who shall independently submit his estimate as per sub-regulation (2).
(4) In the event an additional registered valuer is appointed under sub-regulation (3), the average of the estimates received from both valuers will be considered to be the value of the assets.
31. Realisation of security interest.
31. (1) A secured creditor, who seeks to realise his security, shall intimate the bankruptcy trustee of the price at which he proposes to realise the secured asset.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall attempt to identify a buyer willing to purchase the security at a price higher than the price intimated under sub-regulation (1), and the asset shall then be sold to such buyer, if any, at the higher price by the secured creditor.
(3) Where the secured asset is realised under sub-regulation (2), the cost of identification of the buyer shall form part of bankruptcy process cost.
(4) If the bankruptcy trustee does not identify a buyer under sub-regulation (2), or the person so identified does not buy the secured asset, the secured creditor may realise the secured asset in the manner it deems fit, but at least at the price intimated under sub-regulation (1) and shall bear the cost of identification of the buyer.
(5) Where a secured creditor realises his security and the amount realised is in excess of the debts due to the secured creditor, such creditor shall tender such excess to the bankruptcy trustee.
PROCEEDS OF BANKRUPTCY PROCESS AND DISTRIBUTION OF PROCEEDS
32. Bank account for bankruptcy process.
32. (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall open a bank account in the name of the bankrupt followed by the words ‘in bankruptcy process’, in a scheduled bank, for the receipt of all moneys due to the bankrupt.
(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall deposit in the bank account opened under sub-regulation (1) all moneys, including cheques and demand drafts received by him as the bankruptcy trustee of the bankrupt, and the realisations of each day shall be deposited into the bank account, without any deduction, not later than the next working day.
(3) The bankruptcy trustee may maintain cash of ten thousand rupees or such higher amount, as may be permitted by the Adjudicating Authority to meet bankruptcy process costs.
(4) All payments out of the account by the bankruptcy trustee above five thousand rupees shall be made by cheques drawn or online banking transactions against the bank account.
33. Distribution of dividend to claimant of deceased creditor.
33. (1) In the event an application is made by a claimant or heir of a deceased creditor for receiving dividend payable to such deceased creditor, the bankruptcy trustee shall satisfy himself as to the claimant’s right and title to receive the dividend, and may call for evidence regarding such right or title.
(2) On being satisfied of the veracity of the claim as per sub-regulation (1), the bankruptcy trustee may apply to the Adjudicating Authority for sanctioning the payment of such dividend or return to the claimant.
34. Distribution of dividend.
34. (1) Subject to the provisions of sections 174 and 178, the bankruptcy trustee shall not commence distribution of dividend unless a preliminary report is filed with the Adjudicating Authority.
(2) The bankruptcy process cost shall be deducted before any dividend is distributed under this regulation.
35. Return of amount.
35. A creditor shall forthwith return any amount received by him in distribution, which he was not entitled to at the time of distribution, or subsequently.
36. Unclaimed proceeds of bankruptcy or undistributed assets.
36. (1) After filing the final report under regulation 11, the bankruptcy trustee shall, within three days from the date of such filing, apply to the Adjudicating Authority for an order to credit to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Fund formed under the Code, any unclaimed dividends of bankruptcy process or undistributed asset or any other balance amount payable to the creditors, left with him.
(2) Without prejudice to any penalty that may be imposed by the Board, the bankruptcy trustee shall be liable to pay interest at the rate of twelve percent per annum on the amount retained by him under sub-regulation (1), if he fails to-
(a) apply to the Adjudicating Authority within three days from the date of filing;
(b) credit to the Fund within three days from the date of order of the Adjudicating Authority.
(3) The bankruptcy trustee shall, when crediting the amount referred to in sub-regulation (1), furnish to the Board, a statement setting forth the following –
(a) the names and last known address of the creditors entitled to the unclaimed dividend or undistributed asset or any other balance;
(b) the amount of the unclaimed dividend or any other balance for each creditor under (a);
(c) the value of the undistributed assets.
(4) The bankruptcy trustee shall be entitled to a receipt from the Board for any amount deposited by him under sub-regulation (2), and such receipt shall be proof of credit by him.
(5) A person claiming to be entitled to any amount paid into the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Fund may apply to the Board for an order for payment of the amount claimed.
(6) The Board may, if satisfied that the person referred to in sub-regulation (5) is entitled to the whole or any part of the amount claimed, make an order for the payment to that person of the sum due to him, after taking such security from him as it may think fit.
(7) Any amount paid into the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Fund under sub-regulation (1), which remains unclaimed for a period of fifteen years, shall be liable to be utilised for the purposes of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Fund.
37. Debt counselling.
37. Debt counselling in relation to bankruptcy process may be provided to a bankrupt by such person as may be recognised by the Board or the Central Government, as the case may be.
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