The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016
Part-III Insolvency Resolution and Bankruptcy for Individuals and Partnership Firms
Chapter-V Administration and Distribution of the Estate of the Bankrupt
Section 165: Preference transactions.
*165. (1) The bankruptcy trustee may apply to the Adjudicating Authority for an order under this section if a bankrupt has given a preference to any person.
(2) The transaction giving preference to an associate of the bankrupt under sub-section (1) should have been entered into by the bankrupt with the associate during the period of two years ending on the date of the application for bankruptcy.
(3) Any transaction giving preference not covered under sub-section (2) should have been entered into by the bankrupt during the period of six months ending on the date of the application for bankruptcy.
(4) The transaction giving preference under sub-section (2) or under sub-section (3) should have caused the bankruptcy process to be triggered.
(5) On the application of the bankruptcy trustee under sub-section (1), the Adjudicating Authority may—
(a) pass an order declaring a transaction giving preference void;
(b) pass an order requiring any property transferred in respect of a transaction giving preference to be vested with the bankruptcy trustee as a part of the estate of the bankrupt; and
(c) pass any other order it thinks fit for restoring the position to what it would have been if the bankrupt had not entered into the transaction giving preference.
(6) The Adjudicating Authority shall not pass an order under sub-section (5) unless the bankrupt was influenced in his decision of giving preference to a person by a desire to produce in relation to that person an effect under clause (b) of sub-section (8).
(7) For the purpose of sub-section (6), if the person is an associate of the bankrupt, (otherwise than by reason only of being his employee), at the time when the preference was given, it shall be presumed that the bankrupt was influenced in his decision under that subsection.
(8) For the purposes of this section, a bankrupt shall be deemed to have entered into a transaction giving preference to any person if—
(a) the person is the creditor or surety or guarantor for any debt of the bankrupt; and
(b) the bankrupt does anything or suffers anything to be done which has the effect of putting that person into a position which, in the event of the debtor becoming a bankrupt, will be better than the position he would have been in, if that thing had not been done.
*Only in so far as they relate to personal guarantors to corporate debtors, came into force w.e.f. 01.12.2019.