The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016
Part-II Insolvency Resolution and Liquidation for Corporate Persons
Chapter-III Liquidation Process
Section 34: Appointment of liquidator and fee to be paid.
*34. (1) Where the Adjudicating Authority passes an order for liquidation of the corporate debtor under section 33, the resolution professional appointed for the corporate insolvency resolution process under 1[Chapter II 6[or for the pre-packaged insolvency resolution process under Chapter III-A] shall, subject to submission of a written consent by the resolution professional to the Adjudicatory Authority in specified form,] act as the liquidator for the purposes of liquidation unless replaced by the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (4).
(2) On the appointment of a liquidator under this section, all powers of the board of directors, key managerial personnel and the partners of the corporate debtor, as the case may be, shall cease to have effect and shall be vested in the liquidator.
(3) The personnel of the corporate debtor shall extend all assistance and cooperation to the liquidator as may be required by him in managing the affairs of the corporate debtor and provisions of section 19 shall apply in relation to voluntary liquidation process as they apply in relation to liquidation process with the substitution of references to the liquidator for references to the interim resolution professional.
(4) The Adjudicating Authority shall by order replace the resolution professional, if—
(a) the resolution plan submitted by the resolution professional under section 30 was rejected for failure to meet the requirements mentioned in sub-section (2) of section 30; or
(b) the Board recommends the replacement of a resolution professional to the Adjudicating Authority for reasons to be recorded 2[in writing; or]
3[(c) the resolution professional fails to submit written consent under sub-section (1).]
(5) For the purposes of 4[clause (a) and (c)] of sub-section (4), the Adjudicating Authority may direct the Board to propose the name of another insolvency professional to be appointed as a liquidator.
(6) The Board shall propose the name of another insolvency professional 5[along with written consent from the insolvency professional in the specified form] within ten days of the direction issued by the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (5).
(7) The Adjudicating Authority shall, on receipt of the proposal of the Board for the appointment of an insolvency professional as liquidator, by an order appoint such insolvency professional as the liquidator.
(8) An insolvency professional proposed to be appointed as a liquidator shall charge such fee for the conduct of the liquidation proceedings and in such proportion to the value of the liquidation estate assets, as may be specified by the Board.
(9) The fees for the conduct of the liquidation proceedings under sub-section (8) shall be paid to the liquidator from the proceeds of the liquidation estate under section 53.
*This shall come into force w.e.f. from 15.12.2016.
1. Substituted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018, for the word “Chapter II shall” in sub-section (1) of section 34 (w.e.f. 06.06.2018).
2. Substituted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018, for the word “in writing.” in clause (b) of section 34(4) (w.e.f. 06.06.2018).
3. Clause (c) of section 34(4) inserted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 (w.e.f. 06.06.2018).
4. Substituted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018, for the word “clause (a)” in sub-section (5) of section 34 (w.e.f. 06.06.2018).
5. The Words in sub-section(6) of section 34 inserted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 (w.e.f. 06.06.2018).
6. Inserted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2021, w.e.f. 04.04.2021.
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